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TorrenFunk is one of the greatest up and coming torrent search engines anddirectories. Our goal is to give you the most verifiedand up to date Torrents. We pride ourselves in the fact that we are leaders in utilizing automated verification based file size, downloadfrequency, and other factors and that we have. We’re the future in theBitTorrent world! Must I Register in TorrentFunk Definitely NOT… you can navigate and utilize our website without having toRegister.
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You can contact us by sending an Is downloading torrent files from TorrentFunk prohibited? No, torrent files aren’t copyrighted, so this is enabled. However, opening a torrent file in your BitTorrent client may begin the procedure for downloading (and possibly uploading) copyrighted content. Depending on the conditions, such as the content in question and the country you are living in, this could be illegal.In some states, it’s illegal to download and upload copyrighted material. In thisinstance, be sure you only download unlicensed content via BitTorrent.In other nations, it’s permitted to download copyrighted material, so long as you do not uploadthem. If this is the case, we suggest that you use theBitThief client.To be on the safe side, we advise you not to download any copyrighted material at all. Please send an email with your request [email protected]
What is BitTorrent?
BitTorrent is a protocol designed for transferring files. It’s peer-to-peer in nature, as users connect to each other directly to send and receive portions of the file.However, there is a central server (called a tracker) which coordinates the action of all such peers. The tracker only manages connections, it doesn’t have any understanding ofthe contents of the files being distributed, and therefore a significant number of users can be supported with relatively limited tracker bandwidth. The essential philosophy ofBitTorrent is that users should upload (transmit outbound) at the same time they are downloading (receiving inbound.) In this way, network bandwidth is utilized as possible. BitTorrent is designed to work as the number of individuals interested in a certain file increases, in contrast to other file transfer protocols. One analogy might be to visualize a group of people sitting at a desk. Each person at the table can both talk and listen to any other personat the table. These people are each trying to find a copy of a book. Person A announces that he has pages 1-10, 23, 42-50, and 75. Persons gives them each copies of the pages.
Person B then announces that she has pages 11-22, 31-37, and 63-70. A, D, and E tell B they would like some of her pages, so she gives them copies of the pages that she has. The process continues around the table until everyone has announced what they have (and hence what they are missing.) The people at the table coordinate to swap parts of the book until everyone has everything. There’s also another person at the table, who we will call ‘S’. This individual has a copy of the book, and so doesn’t need anything. He responds with pages that no one else in the group has. At first, when everyone has just arrived, they all must talk to him to receive their first set of pages. However, the people are smart enough to not all get the same pages. After a while they all have the majority of the book amongst themselves, even though no one person has the entire thing. Without having to provide a full copy to everyone that’s interested in this way, this one person can share a book that he has with a number of other people. He caninstead give out different parts to different people, and they’ll have the ability to share it among themselves. This person who we’ve called ‘S’ is called aseed in the terminology of BitTorrent.
How does BitTorrent compare to other types of file transfer?
The most frequent method by which files transferred on the Internet is the version. The whole file is sent by A server this is how both http and ftp work. The clients only speak to each other, and never to the server. The advantages of this method are thatit’s simple to prepare, since the servers are normally connected to theInternet, and are always on and dedicated to the task of functioning and the documents are usually available. However, this model has a problem with files that are large or very popular, or both. Since the server must transmit the entire file, it takes a great deal of host and bandwidth resourcesto distribute a document. Maybe you might have attempted to download a demo of a new game just released, or CDimages of a new Linux distribution, and discovered that all the servers report “too many users,” or there is a long queue that you must wait through. By distributing the load across multiple 14, this shortcoming is partially addressed by the concept ofmirrors. But it requires a lot of coordination and effort to set up network of mirrors, and it’s usually only feasible for the longest of websites.
Another method of transferring files has become popular lately: the peer-to-peer network, systems like Kazaa, eDonkey, Gnutella, Direct Connect, etc.. In networks, ordinary Internet users trade files by directly linking one-to-one. The benefit here is because there is little responsibility for the files’ contents, and that files can be shared without needing access to a properserver. Hence, these networks tend to be quite popular for illicit files like music,movies, pirated software, etc.. A downloader receives a file from one source, however the version of some customers allow downloading a filefrom multiple resources for higher speeds. Because there’s a higher chance that a file willbe extended by several peers, the problem discussed above of downloads that are popular is somewhat mitigated. Though download rates for obscure files tend to be low, the breadth of files will be fairly good. Another problemsometimes is the substantial protocol overhead for passing search questions and the number of peers that one can reach isoften. Although some newer clients may offer this functionality, downloaded files are usually not available to other peers. Availability isgenerally determined by the goodwill of the usersthat some of these networks have tried to enforce rules or limitations regarding ratios that are send/receive.
The use of this Usenet binary newsgroups is another method of file distribution, one that is different from the other methods. Files transferred over Usenetare windows of opportunity. Retention period of binary news servers are often as low as 24 hours, and having a posted document available for aweek is considered a long time. However, the Usenet model is efficient, in that the messages finally fanned out to the end user from there, and are passed from one news server toanother around a big web of peers. Often the end user connects to a server provided by their ISP, leading to further bandwidth savings.Usenet is also among the more anonymous types of file sharing, and it also is often used for illegal files of almost any nature. Due to the nature ofNNTP, afile’s popularity has to do with its accessibility and hence downloads from Usenet are inclined to be quite fast irrespective of content.
The downsides of this method includea baroque requires a certain amount of understanding and effort from the user, and set of procedures and rules. Patience is often required to get a file of splitting files into a enormous number of posts, due tothe nature. Access to Usenet must be purchased as a result of the volume of messages binary options. BitTorrent is nearest to Usenet. It is best suited to newer files. Older or obscure files have a tendency to not beavailable. As the program matures a more suitable means of torrents seeded will emerge, but the client is, making itcumbersome to share a number of files. BitTorrent deals well with documents that are in high demand, especially in contrast to the other procedures.
Where can I download the BitTorrent program? There are several options here, because unlike some peer to peer applications (like Kazaa), the BitTorrent implementation is open source. This means that programmersare free to take the source code and change it, if they believe there is something they’d like to change. Here are the clients of Microsoft Windows uTorrent -Recommended! The best all BitTorrent client for windows. Became known for it usage, but lately it more bulky. BitComet -Recommended! A BitTorrent client for those newbies out there that never used torrents. Vuze -Recommended! An remarkable Java based BitTorrent client, used to be the one changed their name Azureus to Vuze. BitTornado -This customer incorporates the codebase of this officialversion as well as of the improvements of the variation, below. Additionally, there are some misc. Improvements from the development CVSsources, bug fixes, much more, and a user preferences feature that remembers its settings. burst! -This client features a memory due to replacing the wxPython GUI footprintcompared to the others.
The GUI enables you to control several transfers in addition tomany other features like a built-in capability that is TorrentSpy-like. It uses the Python back-end as The Shad0w’s client so you also get the recentdevelopments all included. burst plus! – A client that’s based on the burst base and contains assome developments, as well language support. SimpleBT – Another branch of this burst code base which features Chinese language support. ABC (“Another BitTorrent Client”) – This is a relatively new client that includes many of the most recent changesin the experimental versions, in addition to other added features like controling multiple downloads from a single window, queueing, automated seeding, etc.. See also:Sourceforge page. Eike Frost’s Experimental client – This is based on the official version, with patches to allow speed controland reveal statistics among other things. New from the “-2” revision is support for displaying additional details about the peers thatare connected, as well as some aggravation and bug fixes. Shareaza – Newer versions of the program include BitTorrent support to the eDonkey2k andGnutella protocols. However, the BitTorrent support may still have bugs, and a few things (like seeding a file) might not be as easy as with dedicatedBitTorrent customers. BitTorrent++ – This is an alternative to the official client.
It supports additional such asmultiple downloads from a single GUI. Some people (myself included) have undergone major bugs with this program, so consider it unstable and use a unique clientunless you wish to experiment. It appears to be abandoned and has not had any bug fixes in a long time.Therefore, since these bugs have the ability to adverselyaffect the operation of the BitTorrent swarm, so pleae don’t use this client. Mac OS X Vuze -Recommended! An Java based BitTorrent client, one of the mostpopular Official customer v3.1 – Try this former version of the client if you havedifficulties with 3.2.2. 3.1 customer with rate limiting patch – I have no additional information about this version. Sarwat Khan’s OS X client – You might wish to try out this option to the stock OS X build.
Additionally, you should be able to run any of the several Python/wxPython based customers directly from the source code, but it may take a little bit of work.Here are the steps you should follow. Note, I am not a Mac user so I can not guarantee this will work, if someone could do it and send me the exact instructions,I will post it here. Install Python. If you are running 10.2, downloadthis package of Python 2.3a3 (see also: Home Page.) If you’re running 10.1, there is a pre-packaged versionhere &emdash; please read the instructions on thehome page, notice which you maynot use stuffit with this archive. Try this link if you want more information on Python and Macs. Install wxPython. For 10.2 and Python 2.3, usethis bundle (220.127.116.11). If you don’t have Python 2.3, you might have to use a previous version,such as this one(18.104.22.168). This page at Sourceforge contains previousversions as well as the latest.
Install the source code to the BitTorrent client. The above section for Windows customers has links to source code. To start the GUI client, run “python btdownloadgui.py –responsefile file.torrent”, where file.torrent is the torrent file which you have alreadydownloaded. See also the section below on using the BitTorrent command line tools. Additionally, the command-line version of Python should be in your path for this to work.See this page for instructions on adding/usr/local/bin to your path. Max OS 9 There isn’t any official support for Mac OS 9. Further, wxPython doesn’t seem to be ported. There is hope:it’s still possible to use BitTorrent, although it will take a bit of extra work. Download and install MacPython. Please refer to the page to find out more on Python and Macs. Download and unpack the source code to the customer. Option-Drag the file btdownloadheadless.py in the source code to PythonInterpreter.
Then clickSet unix-like command line interpreter,and input “–url http://server/file.torrent”, except substitute the actual URL of the.torrent file. This is just like the “download” link onwhatever web page provided the torrent. The file and Select Go should begin downloading. If you get an error message that ends inImportError: cannotimport name use the procedure on their homepage.
The majority of the clients that are pure Python/wxPython (e.g. the official BitTorrent client, Eike Frost’s experimental, Shad0w’s experimental) will operate under *BSD/Linuxwithout problems. For these clients all are available at the home pages the source code tarballs. Clients written in other cross-platform languagessuch as Java (e.g. Vuze) should also work. The biggest challenge to running a BT customer is currently getting the necessary libraries. At a minimum you’ll need Python 2.2 or greater. If you wantto use the ‘-gui’ versions of the clients you will also need wxWindows, which has Python bindings. These should be available as packages for your system. Your first step should be to consult your distribution’s package system and get these prerequisites. For Debian systems there is a package called bittorrent, which requires thepython 2.2 package. You should also set up the packageslibwxgtk2.4-python andmime-support, if you’re planning on using the GUI version of the client.
You may want to try the RPMs listedhere if you’re currently using Mandrake with Cooker. Below are some general instructions for installing on a Unix/Linux system. Install Python, preferably version 2.2. You can run “python -V” to see what version you currently have installed, if any.
Additionally, you may have multiple versionsof Python installed, so you may check /usr/bin for controls such as python2.2 if plainpython says it’s version 1.x. If your supply usespackages, use the search tool to find versions that are prepackaged before trying to install. Tryhere andhere for Python RPMs. If you would like to use the GUI version install wxPython. Note that this will require theGLib and GTK+ libraries, which are probably already in your system ifyou have GNOME installed. (Start here or search your distribution’s package manager if you require GTK+.)
You’ll want to find the corresponding to the version of Python that you have installed. For RPM systems like RedHat and Mandrake, you may try the next wxPython RPMs corresponding toversion 2.1,version 2.2, andversion 2.3 of Python. More RPMs are available atthe Sourceforge site, and you can consult download page. Please bear in mind that the RPMs linked above assume that Python is installed under/usr and the Python libs are in /usr/lib/python2. x/. You will probably have to tell the installer this information if this isn’t true. Set up the source tarball for the BT client. To integrate the client with your web browser, it is going to be necessary to associatefiles of kind “application/x-bittorrent” with the BitTorrent client. You’ll Need to add a line such as the following to your/etc/mailcap file: application/x-bittorrent; /usr/local/bin/btdownloadgui.py –responsefile %s; test=test -n “$DISPLAY”
Note that you need to substitute the correct path for the location in which you installed the source tarball. If don’t have wxPython or would rather use one of thetext-mode customers you may substitute btdownloadgui.py with btdownloadcurses.py orbtdownloadheadless.py. Also note there’s an error in theINSTALL.unix.txt file, which is missing the –responsefile argument. Other browsers may have a means of associating a command so you might want to try looking at the preferences or init file for information. Java Clients (platform independent) Vuze -Recommended! An Remarkable Java based BitTorrent client, one of the most popular Snark 0.4 – Snark is an implementation of BitTorrent protocol which uses gcj, the GNU Compiler for Java. Additionally toacting as a client, an integrated is also included by Snark . Torrent file tracker server, and founder. With Snark the consumer can share files witha single command, without the typical hassle of installing a tracker, finding a web server, posting the.torrent file, etc..
Compilation requires gcj 3.3 or higher;rather you can find a precompiled bytecode versionhere. See the home page for more information. Effusion 0.3 – Experimental Java client with IRC integration. Seehome page for information and usage. JTorrent 0.1 – This is a line-by-line port of this 3.0.2 python client/tracker to Java. It currently installsand runs under Windows and Unix, and requires the JRE v1.4 or higher. To install, download theinstaller and have a look in theREADME file.See also theproject status README.Note that this is alpha-level code, so be ready for bugs. What other utilities are out there? TorrentSpy -Recommended! An MS Windows tool which lets you query a tracker about aspecific torrent, view metadata info, check a file’s hashes, etc..
A new feature is the “create” tab for creating torrent files . Maketorrent – A utility for creating files, by the author of the burst! client. Version 1.x ofMakeTorrent was a modified version of the Python ‘completedir’ program with extra features. Version 2.x is a complete rewrite in Delphi.Highly recommended! Completedir 1.0.1 – A utility for creating new.torrent files,part of the official BitTorrent client package. This is packaged get code. BNBT – This is a C++ execution of a BitTorrent tracker. It should compile under most any Unix with GCC available,as well as MS Windows with MSVC (binaries included.) It includes all of the functionality of the reference Python tracker, but it also has many enhancements: userccounts, enhanced web interface, statistics, etc..
See theTrackPak for installer and a BNBT that’s easyto use. Java BitTorrent Tools – accessibility checker A metafile viewer/editor, and a tracker that is fundamental. BTChange 0.94a – For changing tracker information in an existing.torrent file. Usethis if the tracker changes you don’t have to recreate the file. See also:Sourceforge page. PHPBTTracker – a free (GPL) tracker implementation in PHP using a MySQL back-end, includes built-instatistics collection and reporting. Seesample output. DumpTorrentCGI – Use this handy web page to parse and output the contents of a.torrent document(from either your local system or a link URL.)
Use this to quickly determine the hash ID of a torrent or which tracker is currently hosting it. Trackerlyze.pl 1.11 – A free (GPL) Perl script which analyzes the logfile of a tracker andcreates reports and graphs of the bandwidth used and number of peers/seeds. See also:Home page. libbt – A library implementation of the BitTorrent protocol in C. This project is still under development, andis not appropriate to end-users at this point.
What do these words mean? (seeding, uploading, share rating, etc..) Here’s a brief list of words associated with BitTorrent and their meanings. torrent Normally this refers to the small metadata file you get from the web server (the one that ends in.torrent.) Metadata here means that the information about the data that you want to download, not the data itself. This is what is sent to your computer when you click on awebsite on a download link. You can also save the file to the system, and then click on it to start the BitTorrent download.
This is helpful if you want to be able to re-openthe torrent later on without having to find the link again. It can refer to everything associated with a file available with BitTorrent. As an instance, someone might say “I downloaded that torrent”or “that host has a great deal of great torrents”, meaning there are lots of good files available via BitTorrent on that server. peer A peer is another computer on the internet that you connect to and transfer data. A peer doesn’t have the complete file, otherwise it would be called aseed.
Continue to leave the client runningand act and some people also refer to peers as leeches, to distinguish them. seed A computer which has a copy of a certain torrent. Once your client finishes downloading, it will stay open until you click the Finish button (or otherwiseclose it.) This is known as being a seed or seeding. You can also start a BT client with a complete file, and it will connect and seed thefile to other people once the file has been checked by BT. Generally, it’s considered good manners to keep on seeding a file after you have finished downloading, to help others out. When a new torrent isposted into a tracker, a person must seed it for it to be available to other people.
Bear in mind, the tracker doesn’t know anything of the actualcontents of a file,so it’s important to follow through if you upload the torrent to a tracker and seed a file. reseed When there are zero seeds for a given torrent (and not enough peers to have a distributed copy), then eventually all the peers will get stuck with an incomplete file,since no one in the swarm has the missing pieces. When this occurs, someone with a complete file (a seed) must connect to the swarm so that those missing pieces can betransferred.
This is called reseeding. Usually a request for a reseed comes with an implicit promise that the requester will leave his or her client open for some timeperiod after finishing (to add longevity to the torrent) in return for the kind soul reseeding the file. swarm The group of machines which are connected for a file. As an example, if you begin a BitTorrent client and it tells you that you are connected 3 seeds and to10 peers, then the swarm consists of those 13 other men and women and you. tracker A server on the Internet that acts to coordinate the activity of BitTorrent clients. When you open a torrent, your machine contacts the tracker and asks for a list ofpeers to contact.
Periodically throughout the transfer, your system will check in with the tracker, telling it how much you have downloaded and uploaded, just how much you haveleft before finishing, and the state you are in (starting, completed download, stopping.) If a tracker is down and you try to open a torrent, you’ll not be able to connect.If a tracker goes down during a torrent (i.e., you have already attached at any point and are already talking to coworkers), you will be able to continuetransferring with those peers, but no new peers will have the ability to contact you. Often tracker errors are temporary, so the best thing to do is leave and just wait the clientopen to keep on trying. downloading Receiving data FROM another computer. uploading Sending data TO another computer. share rating If you are using the client you will notice a share rating. This is the ratio of your amountuploaded divided by your amount downloaded.
The amounts are only, not. If you attain a share ratio of 1.0, thatwould mean you’ve uploaded as much as you’ve downloaded. The higher the number, the more you have contributed. If you see a share ratio of “oo”, this means infinity,which will happen if you open a BT client with a complete file (i.e., you seed the file.) In this case you download nothing as you’ve got the file, and so anythingyou send will cause the ratio to reach. Note: The share rating is just. It does notdirectly affect any aspect of the client. Generally speaking, to other people out of courtesy you should work hard to keep this ratio as large as possible, of course. distributed copies In some versions of the customer, you will notice the text “Connected to seeds; also seeing n.nnn dispersed copies” A seed is a system with the comprehensive file.However, the swarm can collectively have a complete copy (or copies) of the document, and that’s what this is telling you. Referring again to the”people at a table” analogy, consider the case where the book has 10 pages, and person A has pp.1-5 and B has pp.6-10. Collectively, A and B have a copy of the book, although no one person has the whole thing. In other words,even though there are no seeds, as long as thereis at least one distributed copy of the file everyone can eventually get a file. Meditate on this, the Zen of BitTorrent, grasshopper. choked This is a phrase.
It refers to the condition of anuploader, i.e. the thread that sends data to another peer. It means that the transmitter does want to send anything on thatlink, when a connection is choked. A BT client signals that it is choked to clients for several reasons, but the most common is that by default a customer is only going to maintain — max_uploads uploads that are active, the rest will be marked choked.
(The default value is 4 and this is the identical setting that experimental client GUIlets you adjust.) A connection can be choked for other reasons, such as a peer will indicate his connection since the seed is notinterested in receiving anything. Notice that since each connection is symmetrical and bidirectional, there are two flags for each connection. interested Another term used in the protocol specification.
This is the corollary to the flag, in that curious refers to aconnection to the state of a downloader with regard. A downloader is marked as interested if the other end of the connection has any pieces that the customer wants the connection is marked as not interested. snubbed If the client hasn’t received anything after a certain period (default: 60 seconds), it marks a connection as snubbed, in that the peer on the other end has chosennot to send in a little while. See the definition of choked for reasons an uploader might mark a link. The actual function of keeping track of the variableis to increase speeds. Occasionally the client will find itself in a state where even though it is connected to many peers, it is choked by all of them.The customer utilizes the snubbed flag in an attempt to prevent this situation.
It notes that a peer with whom it would like to trade pieces with has not sent anything in awhile, and instead of leaving it up to the optimistic choking to eventuall choose that peer, it instead reserves one of its upload slots for sending to that peer. (Reference) optimistic unchoking Periodically, the list of uploaders shakes up and tries choking the links itwas using, and sending on connections that were choked. You can observe this action every 10 or 20 seconds or so, by watching the “Advanced” panel of one of the experimental clients.
How quickly can I download via BitTorrent? Your download speed depends on several factors including amongst others: your internet speed, your usage when downloading, and the amount of seeds available. Clients for their downloads over an ETA. You can look for the ETA field/column of your torrent which will indicate the estimated amount of time thatit will take for the download while downloading. BitTorrent says I’m uploading, what files am I sharing? What’s being sent? Don’t worry. You are also uploading that torrent at exactly the exact same time, when you’re downloading a specific torrent. The areas of the document(s) which you have alreadydownloaded are uploaded to other peers.
This is normal, and it’s how the protocol works. There’s no “shared directory” setting as with other peer-to-peer applications.If you have a particular file (or files) that you want to make available to others, you must first create a.torrentfile and upload it into a server, and then seed the file. What happens if I cancel a download? How can I resume? BitTorrent fully supports quitting and later resuming a download. You do not have to do anything special. Thepartial download stays on your hard drive before it’s finished if you cancel a download.
When asked where to save the file and to resume the transfer, simply click on precisely the torrent link that is identical again, select the samelocation as time. BitTorrent check it tosee how much has been downloaded and will see that the file exists. It will then pick up where it left time to offthe. . Note: To resume you must make the choice as you made the very first time when prompted. For torrents this is ratherstraight-forward. Torrents that include a folder of multiple documents can be a bit more confusing. You must pick the folderthat comprises the BitTorrent folder to resume. Here’s an example of resuming a torrent. Let us assume you downloaded a torrent chose to set it, and calledSomeCoolBand.
So your directory structure looks like something DownloadsSomeCoolBandfile2, like DownloadsSomeCoolBandfile1, etc. Part of this illustration is when asked to choose a destination folder you have to select theDownloads folder andNOT DownloadsSomeCoolBand that should you restart this transfer. It might appear somewhat counter-intuitive, but just remember to always make the same selection as the original option. There was no SomeCoolBand folder when youfirst started the move you selectedDownloads and the SomeCoolBand folder was created by BT.
What is seeding? How do I do it? Why should I leave the client open after it finishes downloading?
First, you may want to review the answers to the question on terminology. A seed is a customer that has an entire file. Seeding is the process when you’ve got a complete file ofconnecting to a torrent. There are two ways to do this: …by leaving your client open after the download finishes. As soon as you have the whole document you become a seed, and the BitTorrent client remains connected to theswarm, sending to other users until it closes. …by clicking on a torrent link (or opening a saved . Torrent file) and selecting a filename of a file that has already completed. Serve as a seed and BitTorrent realize that it is already complete and will checkover the file, and continue to connect to the tracker. It is generally considered a good idea to leave your client open as long as possible, as other users are helped by it. Some communities have guidelines on when it’spermissible to detach after the ratio of bytes received to bytes sent 24 hours after the download finishes, or reaches 1:1.
Please be nice, and do whatyou can to contribute to additional users. My download speed seems slow, what can I do to increase it? Here are some general guidelines to getting fast connections with BitTorrent. Give it time! Be patient! This is the most significant suggestion for issues that are most speed-related. Sometimes it may take some time to get in touch with a slow tracker.The beginning of a download will be especially slow since you don’t have any pieces of the file to share with others. Trackers have been overloaded andit’s common to get timeout-related errors. Leave the client open and it will connect. If NAT is used by your system, make sure that the BitTorrent ports are forwarded. This will allow connections. Otherwise,only connections will triumph.
See this section of this FAQ for more details. Make sure the BitTorrent client has the appropriate access, if you have a software firewall. Make sure that the torrent is “live.” Utilize an experimental build of the client that shows the number of seeds and peers to which you’re connected. Or, check the statusof the torrent (with the site’s statistics orTorrentSpy) and make sure that there are other people connected. A torrent must have at least a few people to getdecent speed. The more peers, the faster the move will be in general. Sometimes, limiting your upload speed will improve your rate. This is especially true for connections such as ADSL and cable, where the outboundbandwidth is much smaller than the bandwidth that is inbound. If you are seeing low download rates and very high rates, maybe this is the case.
The reason this happensis because of the nature of TCP/IP — each packet received must be acknowledged with a small outbound packet. If the link is saturated with BitTorrent data, thelatency of these TCP/IP ACKs will rise, causing efficacy. Use a customer that allows limiting of the rate, and set it to about 80 percent of the rate observed. It can be tempting to limit the speed to very small values.On very healthy torrents, this will not negatively affect the download speed. However, when there are fewer peers you will usually get higher download speeds by allowingthe highest upload rate possible before saturating the connection the (approx.) Sweet spot that is 80%. To limit the upload rate tryCarrafix, with Mac OS X. You will want to set a single cap for each BitTorrent port (6881 and up.) Make certain that your network enables the connections necessary for BitTorrent to work.
Some networks (usually at schools, offices, etc.) are firewalled and allconnections must go through a proxy server. In other instances, only well-known vents are available. There are too many different scenarios to list every possible scenario,but if you are attempting to download a torrent which you understand to be “live” yet the client still reports zero peers and seeds, then this is probably the case. See also thequestion about settings. Is there a way to preview a file before it’s finished? There is no good way. Since the BitTorrent protocol downloads pieces in arbitrary order, there is not any guarantee that the part of the file necessary forpreviewing (usually the beginning of the document) is present.
To further complicate matters, some torrents are packaged until it is complete as an archive, which would be quite difficult toextract. If you want to attempt to view the file you may eventually get lucky. First, make sure isn’t an archive. If it’s aZIP or RAR (R00, R01, …) file, forget it. Next, since BitTorrent locks the file in an exclusive manner, you are going to need to interrupt the download until thefile is complete. Now you can try opening the document in whatever application is supposed to be used to view it, but do not be surprised if very strange things occur. Finally,you’ll want to resume the transfer, unless you have determined that you do not want the file.
How do I create a new torrent (discuss a file I have with other people)?
Sharing files which you have with others is relatively easy with BitTorrent, but a little additional work is required compared to indicating a directory as “shared” as with someother file sharing software. There are three components necessary to sharing a document The tracker, which coordinates connections among the peers. Bandwidth required is moderate in comparison to the size of the files. The web server, which stores and serves the . torrent file. This is usually a document that is quite small, and is only requested once by every peer beforeinitiating the move.
The web server serves to index and organize the torrents, since there is absolutely no search capability in the BitTorrent protocol web techniques are used. At least one seeder. This is the only element of the three that contains some of the file’s actual contents. The seeder is always an end-user’s desktopmachine, instead of a dedicated server system. In earlier phases of BitTorrent, the process was somewhat more difficult because often you had to run your own tracker (and possibly web server) in addition to theseeder. Lately, however, torrent communities have sprouted which treat a number of the details of running a tracker and distributing the.torrent metadata file.For most functions, using one of these communities is the fastest and simplest way to share information.
For the purposes of this part of the FAQ, we’ll assume you have access to them, or a tracker and web server. The majority of the sites listed in thelinks section run trackers and web servers which you are welcome to use. The rule of thumb here is never to create a torrent for a tracker which you don’t havepermission to use. Normally that simply means that if you intend to use a tracker, you should also post your.torrent file into the website related to thetracker, so the whole community can benefit. Below are the steps to create and distribute the . Torrent file, and begin the seeding. Decide what you would like to share. A torrent can contain either a single file, or a directory of files. This can be quite convenient, since it avoids the measure ofcreating an archive . zip, . Rar, etc.) if you will need to store many files. As an example, if you’re sharing a movie, place the files in adirectory both and create a torrent for this, rather than zipping the files and creating a torrent for the archive file. IMPORTANT NOTE! Regardless of what I would call courtesy and common sense, I see people doing things that are stupid the time! For example, if the file you’re sharing was originally posted to Usenet and arrived in many of parts (. RAR, . R00, . R01),do notput those components in an archive and then create a torrent of that. Media files are compressed, and zip-ing or rar-ing them just adds an additional measure foreveryone that receives the documents. And for the love of $DEITY, do not include the parity files! To sum up, if the end product you are sharing is an.AVI file, create a torrent for it.
This makes it more easy for people to continue to the torrent’s form, and this will lead to it being sharedlonger. If you distribute your AVI file as an RAR comprising 33 parts, which itself contains aZIP, then people will trudge through the processingof the documents to find the AVI, then probably delete the original as it’s in a form that’s useless to them. Therefore, they cannot (re-)seed the torrentsince they have lost the original format. Finally, you do your part to put an end to the neverending flow of “How do I open.R00 files?” questions. (endopinionated rant) Run maketorrent. If you’re sharing a single file, click on the(file) button,otherwise click on the (dir) button. In case a file dialog will appear, and you should select the file/directory that you would like to share. Enter the tracker’s announce url in the space provided, or use the drop-down list to select from one of a common list of trackers.
Remember, if you use a site’stracker when creating a . Torrent file, plan to upload/post the file. It is optional, although you may also add a comment. Select the piece size, or just take the default value of(auto). Generally speaking, the smaller the bit size, the more efficient the BitTorrent download will be,but will lead to a larger . torrent file. 256 kB appears to be the most frequent piece size in use these days, but you can experiment with different settings if you want.Avoid very large piece sizes for smaller files; similarly avoid small piece sizes for very large files. Click create torrent to start the process of producing the file. You can then select if you would like to create a single.torrent for all of the files in thedirectory, or a range of separate . torrents. Most of the time you desire a single.torrent for the entire folder, if you don’t know what you are doing.
Whenfinished, a should be found by you . Torrent file in the same directory as the file/directory you chosen to share. Upload this . torrent file to a web server. Usually this means going to the web page of this site whose tracker you used and clicking on the “Upload torrent” link.The procedure varies from site to site, but it is usually always explained in a FAQ link or forum posting. If you are running your web server (and haveconfigured it appropriately then upload the file to your server’s public web space, or whatever method you use to place files in your server. Finally, you must seed the file. Until this step, nothing but metadata was transferred. Seeding is necessary to actually transmit your file. The easiest is to use your BitTorrent client just as you would with any other file, although there areseveral ways to do so. Navigate to the page on the web server where your.torrent is posted, click on the link, and if the BitTorrent client starts be sure to pick the same file/ directory that you used in make torrent in step 2 above.
The client should check the documents and confirm that they’re complete, and then connect to the tracker and start seeding. There are several important points about thisstep: Be sure the system that you are seeding from can accept incoming network connections on the ports BitTorrentis. Usually this means if you’re in aNAT environment configuring port forwarding. If you’re running the tracker on the same machine as the seeding client, and you’re in a NAT environment, you must add the “–ipaddress”parameter to the client command line, where address is the publicly-visible IP address of this machine. On an internalnetwork, your machine may be for instance, sharing a DSL or cable modem connection behind a router/gateway. In this case it probably has an inner (unroutable) IP address such as192.168.x. xor 10.x.x.x. It is necessary to distinguish the tracker your true IP address instead of the internal speech.
If you’re not certain what that is, try a sitesuch as this one. For information onhow to add or change command line parameters in Windows, Finally, remember that in a lot of cases you will have a dynamic IP address (one that is assigned to you every time you connect), and if that istrue you will have to ensure that you’re using the correct one each time. This procedure appliesONLY if you are currently seeding and running a tracker on the samemachine, and you’ve got a NAT setup. Make certain to leave the client open . The amount of time is dependent upon a number of factors. If the file you’re seeding is very popular, thenyou can seed just enough to find several copies that are distributed to the swarm, and then disconnect. If the torrent is sufficiently “healthy,” the seeder leavingwill don’t have any adverse effects, as there are enough distributed copies of the file to support the swarm.
If the file has pursuits, you will normally have toseed. Be certain that no one was left stranded and A good policy would be to check back later on the tracker’s stats page or in the forums. It is cumbersome to open a number of copies of the GUI client, if you would like to seed a number of different torrents. In this situation thebtlaunchmany.py version of the customer is quite useful.
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